Situation Report: Earthquake in Sigi, Central Sulawesi
Monday, September 24, 2012
On August 18th, Central Sulawesi was struck by a 6.3 Richter scale earthquake, followed by aftershocks. The quake, which epicentered 56 KM southeast of the provincial capital of Palu, was felt in three sub-districts of Sigi District: Lindu, Kulawi, and Gumbasa. It has damaged 2045 homes, 330 of which were destroyed. More than 4000 people were displaced from their homes. Some public facilities such as district offices, community halls, houses of worship, schools and health facilities were severely damaged. Landslides occurred in several areas across the district. The quake, occurring on a Saturday evening when many residents were inside their homes, claimed six lives and injured dozens of people. The local government immediately declared the state of emergency for a period of 25 days.
There are about 4000 people who are displaced following the 6.3 RS earthquake. This family is one of them who are forced to stay in a tent and struggle with low temperature at night. (Beno Peuru/ CWS)
According to CWS Indonesia staffer Beno Peuru, who led CWS' team in rapid assessment, the Lindu Sub-district is the hardest-hit area. The people of Lindu have been struggling with underdeveloped infrastructures and facilities. The last 17 km of the 87 km trip from Palu is only accessible by motorcycles, horses, or by foot. Further slowing aid and assistance to the sub-district is the lack of electricity and mobile phone reception in the area.
The Logistic Coordinator in Lindu reported that the food supply is still sufficient for the survivors, and farms are ready to be harvested. Villagers also have access to fishing in the Lindu Lake. In two of the four villages of Lindu, emergency public kitchens have been set up.
The earthquake did not significantly affect the clean water supply in Lindu. The survivors have access to sufficient, good quality, clean water. The survivors claimed that they can still rely on sanitation facilities in several houses and public facilities that were not damaged and do not require temporary latrines.
In front of their damaged houses, the survivors set up tents that they received from the National Disaster Management Agency (BNPB), other government agencies, community-based organizations, churches and NGOs. However, the elevation of 800 – 1000 meters forces Lindu’s survivors to struggle with low temperatures at night and makes them more vulnerable to illness. The Indonesian military (TNI) is helping to clean up the debris. A government agency is still collecting data of damaged houses; no information is yet available about government’s plan for recovery and rehabilitation of housing. Some materials from remaining houses can still be used for temporary shelter construction. The challenge will be transporting other important materials from outside of the sub-district.
From the rapid assessment, the CWS team also found that the community is lacking of disaster awareness and preparedness even though they live in an area situated on the Palu-Koro Fault, where three major tectonic plates converge, which makes them very vulnerable to earthquakes, landslides and tsunamis.
CWS Indonesia Response: CWS, supported by the United Nations' Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs, will provide assistance to 166 families in the Puroo, Langko, Tomado, and Anca Villages, Lindu Sub-District, whose house are destroyed or severely damaged.The CWS response includes providing technical assistance and materials for building temporary shelters such as wooden planks, plywood, tarps and zinc metal for roofing. CWS will also hold trainings on temporary shelter construction for the survivors. A disaster management and preparedness training will also be held for local and community leaders. Four information sessions on disaster awareness will be conducted for the targeted community.
CWS will work together with and empower the local community. CWS coordinates with local government agencies, National and Regional Disaster Management Agency, members of ACT Alliance and Humanitarian Forum Indonesia.
Church World Service Indonesia is a member of the ACT Alliance, a global coalition of churches and agencies engaged in development, humanitarian assistance and advocacy, and Humanitarian Forum Indonesia (HFI).