By Ilmi Suminar, Indarwati, and Harun Tambing
Tana Toraja of South Sulawesi Province is famous for its culture. Its traditional settlement, which consists of a compound of houses called Tongkonan, granaries, burials, ceremonial grounds with menhirs, rice fields, bamboo forest and grazing ground or pasture for buffalo and pigs and preserves the characteristic of early Austronesian culture, has been proposed for the inclusion in UNESCO’s World Heritage list. The area has become one of Indonesia’s prominent tourist destinations since 1984. In fact, the economy is now mainly based on tourism, besides agriculture. Furthermore, Toraja is also well-known among coffee aficionados as it produces one of world’s best Arabica coffees.